The systematic cleansing and oppression of the Myanmar government made the Muslim ethnic community entered Bangladesh in the 1970s for the first time. The volume of the displaced population depends on the characteristics and scope of organized brutality. The year 1978 is remarkable for the first influx of Rohingya population across the border of Bangladesh. Currently, more than 8,60,000 forcibly evicted Rohingyas residing in the 34 camps of Cox’s Bazar. Such long-term habitation of a vast amount of population has wholly broken the district’s social structure and lowered the local population’s living standard. The compassionate refugee crisis is triggering a more horrible humanitarian dilemma tangling with local nationals of Bangladesh.
Maynmar got freedom from the shackles of British Colonialism in 1945. Since gaining independence, over 144 ethnic groups live in the country with nationals status. However, Burmans, the most prominent ethnic group, dominated the country in every aspect while the other ethnic groups were second-class citizens. In 1962, the government became acquainted with the Burmans’ way of Socialism. According to the conception, Burman, the only language for all, Buddhism, the only religion, and the ‘Burman,’ the singular national identity, would prevail in Myanmar.
Consequently, the declaration enraged the rest ethnic groups, including the Buddhist Rakhine group. To safeguard their identity, ethnic groups like the Chin, Kachin, Wa, Shan, Mon, Karenni, Karen, Rakhine, and the Rohingya developed their armed organizations. Concurrently they consisted of more than 12.3 million ethnic populations.3 Since 2015, over 1200 collisions across 80 provinces of Myanmar are reported between the ethnic groups and the government. Therefore, the military brutality and violence compelled over a million people to cross the country border and enter neighboring countries.3
The discriminative government policies lead to inter-faith rivalry in the Rakhine province. Simultaneously, the communal riot formulated a massive humanitarian emergency that caused mass migration, particularly in the Rohingya population—over 60,000 Rohingya forcefully evicted to Bangladesh. Currently, the Karen ethnic minority is forced to leave their villages to escape the ethnic cleansing in Myanmar. They are compelled to migrate to Thailand.
The systemic ethnic cleansing procedures of the Rohingya community overpassed all historical records of brutalities and inhumaneness. The forcibly migrated Rohingyas expressed how the government has silently attempted to disappear the particular community’s existence. Since 1958, the Muslim ethnic minority endured and survived through many significant military operations and forced to cross the border in search of refuge in 1978 for the first time. Furthermore, their foreign-hood turned into statelessness when the new citizenship law passed in 1992. Only 135 ethnic groups were acknowledged as Myanmar nationals excluding the Muslim Rohingyas. The military conflict with the Rohingya ethnic armed organization, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), began on 25 August 2017 increased the cruelty of the operations in Arakan. It was a significant turning point for Bangladesh when the world’s most enormous refugee problem emerged in 2017. At that time, Bangladesh sheltered more than 7,00,000 Rohingya population, organizing two mega camps in Ukhiya and Teknaf with the earlier relocated 3,00,000.
Bangladesh played an unconditional humanitarian role in dealing with the Rohingyas’ sufferings and traumas undergone throughout an extreme genocide. As an inadequate, lowland, under-resourced, and overpopulated country, the philanthropic character has brought Bangladesh to another humanitarian crisis related to its nationals. A vast influx of the Rohingya community and its long-term habitation have created tremendous dilemmas for the local people of Cox’s Bazar. Accordingly, the foreign population’s sheltering entirely remodeled the area’s regional, social, economic, and environmental settings. The multi-dimensional disaster is a trigger for leading to an internal mass displacement of the locals. Unfortunately, the overemphasis of the Rohingya refugees’ sufferings by the international state and non-state actors has neglected and forgotten Cox’s Bazar district’s local citizens’ difficulties.